Agriculture issues kerala

These four crops together occupy 6. The KAU has introduced the technique of integrated farming in Alappuzha through which fish and rice could be grown simultaneously. While this was seen as a positive development for social justice, cultivation on fragmented land is one of the main problems plaguing agricultural production, according to Padmakumar.

Clearly, with the complicated labour laws in the state, competition from the farmers of other states affected Kerala. Numerous sectors are directly and indirectly linked to the agriculture sector in Kerala, this will cause a ripple effect throughout India over the following months as crop yields, production areas and soil fertility are severely impacted.

Agricultural crisis in kerala

Padmakumar, however, considers the shift to a service based economy inevitable. This resulted in the flooded Idukki reservoir decimating the Pathanamthitta and Alappuzha districts. As well as increasing the risk of flooding due to altering natural water pathways, victims of the disaster were reportedly killed by landslides. For example, in the case of rice, cost factor has been instrumental in the decline of its production. But nearly 70 years later, the agriculture sector of the state is in doldrums. Numerous sectors are directly and indirectly linked to the agriculture sector in Kerala, this will cause a ripple effect throughout India over the following months as crop yields, production areas and soil fertility are severely impacted. By rice production was down to 5. Again in Kerala, the price of land under food crops paddy, tapioca is much cheaper than that of land under commercial crops. Rice paddy was one of the worst hit, with 26, hectares of farmland damaged. Acknowledging the decrease in production, area of cultivation as well as productivity of crops that has contributed to the slow down, he said that the low contribution of the agricultural sector should be seen as relative contribution of other sectors. Construction of dams, power plants and mining quarries were also listed as developments that should be banned in the area. Agricultural economist P Indiradevi of Kerala Agriculture University said in The New Indian Express that the crop loss estimates are incomplete, as it is so soon after the flooding event that it is difficult to determine the complete depth of the actual loss. The Kerala's share in area of coconut farming in the country had declined from 57 percent in to 46 percent in Gadgil stated that as a result of this increase in local construction was the indiscriminate sand mining and quarrying in the surrounding mountains. Kerala accounts for 92 percent of the total production of rubber, 76 percent of cardamom, 21 percent of coffee and 6 percent of tea in the country and the changing in cropping patter were in favour of these crops.

The flooding has also been reported to have affected tea, rubber, cardamom and black pepper plantations, with an estimated acres of plantation land having been destroyed due to landslides in Nilambur, Malappuram and Kalikavu districts.

Acknowledging the decrease in production, area of cultivation as well as productivity of crops that has contributed to the slow down, he said that the low contribution of the agricultural sector should be seen as relative contribution of other sectors.

4 environmental issues faced by kerala after the flood

Several steps are being taken to save agriculture. In , ecologist Madhav Gadgil lead a committee to investigate the environmental risks of developing at such an unsustainable rate, as well as evaluating the potential impacts of illegal and unsupervised mining. While this was seen as a positive development for social justice, cultivation on fragmented land is one of the main problems plaguing agricultural production, according to Padmakumar. State continues to enjoy a near monopoly in the area and production of pepper accounting for 98 percent each in the country. The dip in agricultural production and its contribution to GSDP could be justified if Kerala saw corresponding industrial growth. With the war cry "land for the tillers", the first EMS Namboodiripad government rammed through revolutionary land reform legislation in the state assembly. But in it was only Kg per hector. The major items of export of spices from Kerala are pepper, Ginger, nutmeg etc. Plantation Crops The state had a substantial share in the four plantation crops viz. Kerala accounts for 92 percent of the total production of rubber, 76 percent of cardamom, 21 percent of coffee and 6 percent of tea in the country and the changing in cropping patter were in favour of these crops. Acknowledging the decrease in production, area of cultivation as well as productivity of crops that has contributed to the slow down, he said that the low contribution of the agricultural sector should be seen as relative contribution of other sectors. It dropped further by 2. The growth performance of this sector in the mid s has been quite disappointing because land put to non-agricultural use and current fallow have showed relatively higher annual growth rate.

Several steps are being taken to save agriculture. Kerala accounts for 92 percent of the total production of rubber, 76 percent of cardamom, 21 percent of coffee and 6 percent of tea in the country and the changing in cropping patter were in favour of these crops.

kerala flood agriculture loss

For example, in the case of rice, cost factor has been instrumental in the decline of its production. The picture of the agriculture sector showed that the rate of increase in its income does not provide confidence in the agricultural front.

Though production enhanced from 6, million nuts to million nutsproductivity decreased from to Due to this, the cost of production of rice has dropped significantly.

agriculture after flood
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Kerala flooding: Agricultural impacts and environmental degradation