Incorporating quotations into a research paper
Adding Clarification, Comment, or Correction Within quotations, use square brackets [ ] not parentheses to add your own clarification, comment, or correction. Achieve this general goal by using only a few quotes, and keeping those few quotes as brief as 1—2 sentences.
Use your words first — quotes should be working for you, not the other way around. Changes should never be made of direct quotes; the accuracy of direct quotes is extremely important, including capitalization and punctuation.
Make sure you have transcribed the quote correctly.
Final Thoughts Integrating outside research is challenging, but following a simple plan will help you incorporate quotations so they fit seamlessly in your paper. How does this data add to what I am trying to prove in this paragraph? Even if the student-writer had acknowledged Chase as the source of the content, the language of the passage would be considered plagiarized because no quotation marks indicate the phrases that come directly from Chase.
Notice how a transitional phrase also serves to connect the quotation smoothly to the introductory statement. Staff nurses have a hierarchy of seniority.
Integrated direct quotation examples
The nurse manager, nurse clinician, and clinical nurse specialist, as the designated experts, do not take patient assignments. Be careful to copy the quote correctly, and if you need to change anything, do so by indicating that you are changing something. Why am I putting this quotation in my paper? When your paper necessitates it, you may use a longer quote. Because you are writing the paper, your words should begin and end it — this goes for the paragraphs as well as the whole paper. The final paraphrase might look like this: According to Ross , poor children at the turn of the century received little mothering in our sense of the term. Step 3: Comment on Quote Commenting on quotes is often the most overlooked step in the integration process. The first is to include the full or last name s of the author s directly in a sentence, and the year of publication in parentheses just following the name s. The method below is not only a way to create a paraphrase but also a way to understand a difficult text. If in doubt, be cautious and cite the source. In this case, the focus of the paper is the effect of economic status on children at the turn of the century, so the writer begins with children: Children of the poor at the turn of the century received little if any emotional or intellectual nurturing from their mothers, whose main charge was family survival. Download this Handout PDF College writing often involves integrating information from published sources into your own writing in order to add credibility and authority—this process is essential to research and the production of new knowledge.
And in the case of both general and field-specific common knowledge, if you use the exact words of the reference source, you must use quotation marks and credit the source.
If there is no page number, use the paragraph number to indicate the location of the quotation.
How to quote in an essay
The nurse manager, nurse clinician, and clinical nurse specialist are the designated experts. New York: St. Leki, I. Unsucessful Paraphrases page. The quotation lacks adequate introduction: The men in Stephen Crane's short story, "The Open Boat," are courageous; they want to live. Because you are writing the paper, your words should begin and end it — this goes for the paragraphs as well as the whole paper. The social context of critical care clinical judgment. Quotation within a quotation Use single quotation marks for the embedded quotation: According to Hertzberg , Dahl gives the U. Avoid beginning paragraphs with a quote — start with your idea and create a topic sentence. Instructors often require students to write a draft of their argument before they begin the research phase, therefore minimizing the risk for competing outside voices taking over the paper. It becomes monotonous if all the quotations in a paper are introduced with stock phrases: "this critic states" or "another critic says.
A Patchwork Paraphrase Chase describes how nurses in a critical care unit function in a hierarchy that places designated experts at the top and the least senior staff nurses at the bottom.
Then choose a verb that is appropriate for the source material's purpose.
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