His later life was not the flashy success that his ealier life had been. Cortes was an educated man and for a time he studied law at Salamanca University. Hernando Cortes died in However, those two years in Salamancaplus his long period of training and experience as a notary, first in Valladolid and later in Hispaniolagave him knowledge of the legal codes of Castile that he applied to help justify his unauthorized conquest of Mexico.
The war was not a good one for Spain, and Cortes himself was nearly drowned. Montezuma gave Cortes and his men gifts of gold.
The noble title and senorial estate of the Marquesado was passed down to his descendants until It was the second largest city of Mexico and a religious center of the Aztec Empire. He joined an expedition to the New World, but never made it on board.
His was an upper class family, though his parents weren't wealthy. He finally left for Hispaniola in and became a colonist. Dona Marina spoke the Nahuatl language of the Aztecs and could help to interpret for Cortes.
Cortes heard of Christopher Columbus' discoveries in the new world. Hernando Cortes only had about men but the Spaniards had several advantages. He sided with local natives in a lawsuit.