Most of the western section of Virginia rejected the secession vote and broke away, ultimately forming a new, Union-loyal state, West Virginia.
At the end ofboth sides still had significant forces, and the Confederates enjoyed good defensive terrain in Virginia and North Georgia. Grant marched south towards Mississippi, winning battles on their way to Vicksburg.
The first real battle took place July 21,on the hills around Bull Run creek outside Manassas, Virginia, a railroad junction some 30 miles south of the Northern capital at Washington City Washington, D. Someblack soldiers would join the Union Army by the time the war ended inand 38, lost their lives.
As Grant had anticipated, Polk's position at Columbus was untenable, and he withdrew soon after Donelson fell.
How to cite this page Choose cite format:. Union General Hooker led an assault on Lookout Mountain on November 24 and successfully pushed the Confederates to retreat.
For this book, which follows an earlier volume of previously published essays, Hewitt and Bergeron have enlisted ten gifted historians--among them James M.
An untold number of civilians also perished, primarily from disease as entire towns became hospitals.