Youth gangs in canada
New strategies and approaches, as well as collaboration and problem-solving partnerships must be culturally competent; this goes beyond 'cultural awareness' knowledge about a group and 'cultural sensitivity' some level of experience with a group. As noted by Sinclair and Grekula weakness in the literature on youth gangs is the information that we use to assess the rate of youth gang involvement in Canada.
The breakdown of identities can result in negative self-concept, as well as in disempowering views of ethnic and Canadian identities.
Youth gangs in canada a review of current topics and issues
Most areas are claimed by the Punjabi gangs. Immigrant Youth Footnote10 There has been growing public concern expressed over the 'immigrant youth gang' in the last number of years. This has fuelled public demands for the state to strengthen its response through tougher laws and longer sentences. Now there is variation in the positions they adopt and they are involved in multiple types of gangs e. The best results in addressing the youth gang problem come from the community working together. In order to support these youth, collaboration among diverse stakeholders is needed to promote the development of positive identities and to achieve a healthy sense of belonging at home, at school and in the community. Youth respondents in the study disagreed about the efficacy of the Act in deterring criminal behaviour. That's because while crime rates in Canada have declined, gang activity increased. Cosmin Dracea knew he was dealing with members of a criminal organization when he conspired to import cocaine". It is possible that incarceration could result in disengagement from gangs; yet research on this topic is limited and examination of incarcerated female gang members is even less common. Young women have described their gang joining in terms of finding respect and identity during an already difficult adolescent period, and pushing back against societally prescribed roles and stereotypes. Not only East Asians were involved but there were also White, East Indian, and in some cases Black gang members part of these gangs. The report identifies some of the outcomes for youths charged and convicted of breaching the law: absence from school can result in failing grades; the stigma attached to being labelled a young offender is long-lasting; a criminal record limits a youth's options; a known offender who has ceased criminal activity may continue to be subject to suspicion by the police and other members of the community; and a youth crime record is not automatically destroyed after a fixed period.
Footnote11 Continued dialogue on the connections between immigration, crime and gang involvement are needed in Canada in order to guide the development of responsive policies, programs and services for this population.
Further, involvement in the Aboriginal child welfare system is a risk factor for gang involvement and criminality that is quite firmly established in the literature. To that end, this report uses Canadian research and resources as much as possible.
Most gangs engage in criminal activity. In conjunction with the insights gained throughout the literature review process, this information has been and will continue to be incorporated into the development and implementation of future initiatives to address youth gangs.
Rates of internalized violence, including suicide, drug overdose, and self-injurious behaviours are far higher than externalized forms of criminal violence.
based on 59 review